Umnyango Wezolimo Usebenzisa Ngokugcwele Umsebenzi Omkhulu Wezinambuzane Ezibulalayo, Wokuvimbela Izifo Nokulawula

Ukuze kusetshenziswe umoya we-teleconference kazwelonke yoMkhandlu Kazwelonke kwezolimo kanye nokukhiqizwa kokudla, ngo-April 3, uMnyango Wokuphathwa Kwezindawo Zokulima woMnyango Wezolimo kanye Nesikhungo Sikazwelonke Sobuchwepheshe Bezolimo ngokuhlanganyela baba nomhlangano kazwelonke endaweni omayelana nokuvimbela nokulawula izimo eziphuthumayo. wezifo zikakolweni nezimbewu nezinambuzane e-Xiaogan City, esifundazweni sase-Hubei.

Abamele umhlangano babone indawo ekhethekile yokuvimbela nokulawula izimo eziphuthumayo zezinambuzane zikakolweni kanye ne-rapeseed sclerotinia e-Xiaonan District yase-Xiaogan City, bashintsha ukwenzeka kwamanje kanye nokulawulwa kwezinambuzane ezinkulu nezifo zikakolweni ne-rapeseed, futhi bahlaziya isimo sokuvela kwezinambuzane nezinambuzane. izifo ezigabeni ezimaphakathi nezakamuva.

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Kusukela ngoNdasa, ngenxa yesimo sezulu esivumayo njengokululama kwezinga lokushisa kanye nokwanda kwemvula, izifo zikakolweni ne-rapeseed sezidumile ezindaweni ezikhiqiza ukolweni nembewu yokudlwengulwa ezweni lakithi.Kusukela ngo-April 1, indawo kakolweni kazwelonke ukugqwala kwaba 9.52 million mu, futhi rapeseed sclerotinia kwenzeka 17.33 million mu.

Njengamanje, nakuba indawo yokugqwala kwe-wheat stripe rust kanye ne-rape sclerotinia yenza kuphela u-24% no-39% wendawo okulindeleke ukuba kwenzeke ngayo minyaka yonke, isilinganiso sobunzima bokugqwala kwemigqa singaphezu kuka-20%, kanti i-sclerotinia sclerotiorum isivele yahlasela. izindawo ezinezimo ezinzima.izinhlungu ziyavela.

Okwesibili ukutheleka kwamuva kwezinambuzane nezifo.Ethintwe imvula enkulu yakamuva kanye nokwenyuka kwezinga lokushisa, ngesonto eledlule, izifo zikakolweni nezinambuzane zikhuphuke ngo-48%, ukugqwala kwemigqa kukhuphuke ngo-85%, izifo ze-rapeseed kanye nezinambuzane zenyuka ngo-40%, kanti i-sclerotinia inyuke 20%.Okwesithathu, ukuvela kwezinambuzane nezifo ezigabeni ezimaphakathi nezakamuva kwaba kubi kakhulu.U-April-Juni yisikhathi sezigameko eziphezulu zezinambuzane nezifo ze-rapeseed kakolweni, futhi ukugqwala komugqa kakolweni kuzosakazeka kusukela eningizimu-ntshonalanga nasenyakatho-ntshonalanga ezindaweni zomthombo wesikhunta kuya ezindaweni ezikhiqiza ukolweni eziyinhloko empumalanga.

Esigabeni esimaphakathi nesemuva, indawo okuvela kuyo izifo zikakolweni nezinambuzane ilindeleke ukuba ibe izigidi ezingama-950 zama-mu, okubalelwa ku-86% wesikhathi esiphelele sokukhula.Uma ukulawula kungasebenzi, kuzodala ukulahlekelwa okukhulu kwesivuno.

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Kusukela ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo, uMnyango Wezolimo uye wakhipha ngokulandelana “Uhlelo Lulonke Lokuvimbela Nokulawula Izinambuzane Ezinkulu Nezinambuzane Ezitshalwayo” kanye “Nesaziso Esiphuthumayo Sokuqinisa Ukuvinjelwa Nokulawulwa Kokolweni Nezinambuzane Ezidlwengulwayo Nezifo”;ibambe ingqungquthela kazwelonke yomsebenzi wokuvikela izitshalo, egxile ekuthunyelweni komsebenzi wokulawula izinambuzane ehlobo;ithumele inani lemisebenzi Iqembu liye endaweni ekhishwe kabusha ukuze liqondise izenzo zokuvimbela nokulawula;esikhathini esibucayi sokuvimbela nokulawula, uhlelo lokubika lwamasonto onke lwezifo nezinambuzane zezinambuzane lwasungulwa, futhi ukugadwa kwemakethe yezibulala-zinambuzane kwaqiniswa.

Ngokusho kokuthunyelwa okuhlangene koMnyango Wezolimo, zonke izindawo zenze izinhlelo zokuvimbela nokulawula ezingeni ngalinye, zasebenzisa uhlelo lwesibopho sokuvimbela nokulawula, futhi zafaka umsebenzi wokuvimbela nokulawula kusenesikhathi.Kusukela mhla lu-1 kuMbasa, indawo yokuvimbela nokulawula ukugqwala kwemigqa kakolweni kazwelonke yayingu-996 mu, futhi ukulawulwa kwe-sclerotinia kwe-rapeseed kwaba ngu-13.65 wezigidi zamamu, nezinga lokulahla elingaphezu kuka-80%, futhi imiphumela yezigaba yafinyelelwa.

Longrayfog Thermal Fogger TS-36S

Ekuphenduleni isimo esibi sakamuva sezinambuzane nezifo, iPhini Lomhloli uZhou Puguo woMnyango Wokuphathwa Kwezindawo Zomhlaba wethula isimo samanje sokukhiqizwa kwezolimo futhi wathumela umsebenzi wokulawula izinambuzane ngo-2008. Umqondisi u-Xia Jingyuan weNational Agricultural Technology Center uhlaziye. futhi yafingqa ukwenzeka kwamanje kwezinambuzane nezifo ekudlwengulweni kukakolweni Izimpawu nesimo sesikhathi esizayo sezilokazane nezifo, imigomo yamanje neyesikhathi esizayo kanye nezinyathelo eziqondile zokulawula izinambuzane zikakolweni nembewu yokudlwengula kwabekwa phambili.

Ezigabeni ezimaphakathi nezakamuva zokulawulwa kwezinambuzane ezidlwenguliwe, izinhloso zokulawula yilezi: isilinganiso sokuvimbela nokulawula okuphuthumayo kwezinambuzane nezifo zikakolweni singaphezu kwama-85%, izinga lokulahlwa kwezinambuzane nezifo lingaphezu kuka-90%, nomonakalo ukulahlekelwa kulawulwa ngaphakathi kwe-5%.Izinga lokuvimbela nokulawula izimo eziphuthumayo zezifo ezidlwengulwayo nezinambuzane zingaphezu kuka-70%, izinga lokulahlwa lingaphezu kuka-60%, futhi ukulahlekelwa komonakalo kulawulwa ngaphakathi kwe-10%.Izinyathelo eziqondile zihlanganisa

Okokuqala, zonke izindawo kufanele zihlangane futhi zisebenzise ngokushesha okukhulu, ziqale izinhlelo zokuvimbela nokulawula ngokushesha ngangokunokwenzeka, zisebenzise uhlelo lwesibopho sokuvimbela nokulawula, zichaze izindawo ezibalulekile, futhi zikhiphe umsebenzi wokuvimbela nokulawula.Okwesibili ukuqinisa ukugadwa kwezinambuzane nezifo zikakolweni kanye nembewu edlwengulwayo phakathi nezigaba zamuva, ukuze izisebenzi zokuqapha, izinhlelo zemithwalo yemfanelo, nezindawo zokuqapha zibe sezindaweni, futhi izibikezelo zezifo nezinambuzane zikhishwe ngesikhathi.

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Okwesithathu ukusebenzisa amafomula esayensi, ukuxuba ngokunengqondo izibulala-zinambuzane, futhi uzuze “isifutho esisodwa sokuvikela okuningi” ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukusebenza kahle kokulawula.Okwesine ukusekela ngenkuthalo nokuqondisa ngendlela efanele ukuthuthukiswa kwamaqembu ochwepheshe okuvimbela nokulawula, ukwenza ngamandla ukuvimbela nokulawula okuchwepheshile, nokufeza inhlanganisela yokuvimbela nokulawula okuhlangene ngokuvimbela nokulawula ngobuningi.

Okwesihlanu ukuqinisa isiqondiso sezobuchwepheshe semibukiso kanye nesiqondiso sobuchwepheshe sokungena emadolobhaneni nasemizini, kusetshenziswa imithombo yezindaba ehlukahlukene ukwazisa ukuvikelwa kwezitshalo zomphakathi, nokuqwashisa umphakathi wonke ngokubaluleka komsebenzi wokuvikela izitshalo.Ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuqaliswa kwalezi zinyathelo ezishiwo ngenhla, zonke izindawo kufanele ziqinisekise ukuthi ubuholi benhlangano, ukudluliswa kolwazi, isiqondiso sobuchwepheshe, ukwesekwa kwezinto ezibonakalayo, ukugada nokuhlola kuyasebenza.

Zikhathi zonkeLONGRAYizodala imishini emisha yokufafaza ubuchwepheshe yokuvikela impilo yomphakathi nendawo ehlanzekile ukubulala lonke uhlobo lwegciwane emhlabeni Unomphela futhi sizozama ukugcina umhlaba wethu uphephile, uluhlaza futhi uhlanzekile.

I-Longray iphishekela kuphela umshini wokunikezela ngekhwalithi engcono kakhulu ngentengo ethengekayo kuwo wonke amaklayenti

 


Isikhathi sokuthumela: May-05-2022